Seminar « Estudios sobre la noche/Night Studies/Etudes sur la nuit » (21/01/2021)
Cooperation between the CISAN-UNAM (México), the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Montreal, McGill (Canada), the Institut de Géoarchitecture and the IDA-Brest (France). Coordination: Edna Hernández González, Alejandro Mercado Celis, Will Straw, Jess Reia, Yolanda Macías and Michaël Spanu.
Linda English (Baylor University), “A Hard Day’s Night: Evening Schools in the United States, 1870-1910”
Abstract: Although economists and historians have made progress in understanding the rise of public education and the impact of child labor and compulsory schooling legislation in the U.S., the literature has neither documented nor analyzed a coincident feature of the educational movement – widespread efforts to enable children to combine work and schooling. Non-traditional forms of education – including evening schools and employer-operated schools, as well as part-time, half-time, and continuation schools – emerged in the early nineteenth century to facilitate education for working children. Evening schools, in particular, were common throughout the U.S., and enrollment in these schools continued to increase throughout the nineteenth century. This paper traces the history of the “public evening school movement” in the U.S., examines schooling decisions in a unique dataset of child workers, and uses micro-level data to investigate the schools’ effects. The findings of this study suggest that public evening schools had a positive role in improving literacy outcomes for working youths and children of immigrants.
Nick Dunn (Lancaster University), “Rethinking Urban Nights: Cultures, Practices and Futures”
Abstract: Throughout history and especially post-enlightenment, perspectives on light and dark have been held in binary opposition across different cultural understandings, particularly in Western ideology. This longstanding view continues to influence contemporary views on darkness, thereby shaping how we understand and articulate urban nights. It has provided some with the need and desire to manage and control the urban night, often in relation to practices of consumption, resulting in homogeneity in urban places after dark. Far from being a uniform space, urban nights are increasingly recognised as diverse, situated and relational. Given the global onslaught of over-illumination and the malign social, health, environmental and aesthetic affects this continues to perpetrate, how can we rethink urban nights? This talk will discuss a variety of creative engagements and cultural practices that are expressions of different experiences and representations of the urban night. It will also explore some emerging approaches through which we might design with and for darkness. By drawing on these entanglements, the aim is to open up further dialogue on how we can respond to the creative, environmental, technological and social issues that urban nights present and speculate on their futures.
Access via Zoom: https://forms.gle/S5Qu3urziCDzUN2J7
9AM (CDMX); 10AM (Montreal); 4PM (France)